Langston Hughes


2 Feb 2007 - searched Baylor Library OPAC using "Langston Hughes" as a keyword; results through page 10 (these citations also include the call number)
6 Feb 2007 - added rest of results from "Langston Hughes" keyword search at Baylor Library OPAC
6 Feb 2007 - searched "Langston Hughes" (with quotes) in MLA Bibliography, then narrowed to "Hughes, Langston." Went through first 10 pages of results, and added selectively (first 100 results out of 496).

7 Feb 2007 - went through page 20 of MLA results.
8 Feb 2007 - went through page 40 of MLA results.
9 Feb 2007 - finished adding MLA results.

notes: I have not included dissertations, anything in a language other than English, anything in the children's section, or anything in the Langston Hughes Review.

primary works

Hughes, Langston. The Big Sea: An Autobiography. NY: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1986. (PS3515.U274 Z464 1986)

---. The Dream Keeper and Other Poems. NY: Knopf, 1932. (PS3515.U274 D7)

---. Famous American Negroes. NY: Dodd, Mead, 1954. (E185.96 H8)

---. Fields of Wonder. NY: Knoft, 1947. (PS3515.U274 F45)

---. Fight for Freedom: The Story of NAACP. NY: Norton, 1962. (E185.5.N276H8)

---. Fine Clothes to the Jew. NY: Knoft, 1927. (PS3515.U274 F5 1927)

---. I Wonder as I Wander. NY: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1986 (PS3515.U274 Z466 1986) (available through NetLibrary)

---. The Langston Hughes Reader. NY: G. Braziller, 1958. (PS3515.U274 A6 1971)

---. Laughing to Keep from Crying. NY: Holt, 1952. (PS3515.U274 L3)

---. Not Without Laughter. NY: Collier Books, 1969. (PS3515.U274 N5 1969b)

---. The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain." African American Literary Theory: A Reader. Ed. Winston Napier. New York, NY: New York UP; 2000. 27-30.

---. Simple Speaks His Mind. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1950. (PS3515.U274 S53)

---. Simple Stakes a Claim. London: Gollanez, 1958. (PS3515.U274 S54 1958)

---. Simple Takes a Wife. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1953. (PS3515.U274 S57)

---. Simple's Uncle Sam. NY: Hill and Wang, 1967. (PS3515.U274 S6 1967)

---. Something in Common and Other Stories. NY: Hill and Wang, 1963. (PS3515.U274 S5 1963)

---. Tambourines to Glory, a Novel. NY: Hill and Wang, 1958. (PS3515.U274 T34x)

---. The Ways of White Folks. NY: Knoft, 1972 (c 1962) (PS3515.U274 W3)

Hughes, Langston and Arna Bontemps, eds. The Book of Negro Folklore. NY: Dodd, Mead, 1958. (GR103 .H74)

---. The Poetry of the Negro, 1746-1949: An Anthology. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1949. (PN6109.7 .H8)

Hughes, Langston and Zora Neale Hurston. Mule Bone: A Comedy of Negro Life. NY: HarperPerennial, 1991. Originally 1931. (PS3515.U274 M85 1991)

edited works

Hughes, Langston. The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes. Ed. Arnold Rampersad. NY: Knopf, 1994. (PS3515.U274 A17 1994)

---. The Collected Works of Langston Hughes. Ed. Arnold Rampersad. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2001- (PS3515.U274 2001, multiple volumes)

---. The Political Plays of Langston Hughes. Ed. Susan Duffy. Carbondale: University of Southern Illinois Press, 2000. (PS3515.U274 A6 2000) (available on NetLibrary)

Nicholas, Charles H., ed. Arna Bontemps/Langston Hughes Letters, 1925-1967. NY: Dodd, Mead, 1980. (PS3503.O474 Z486 1980)

secondary works

Langston Hughes Review (journal)

Black American Literature Forum 15:3 (Fall 1981) - whole issue devoted to Hughes (certain articles are below individually)

Ako, Edward O. "Langston Hughes and the Négritude Movement: A Study in Literary Influences." College Language Association Journal, 1984 Sept.; 28 (1): 46-56.

Alston, Frances. "Harlem: A Major Motif in the Poetry of Langston Hughes from the 1920's to the 1950's." MAWA Review, 1995 Dec; 10 (2): 77-85.

Asgill, Eddie Omotayo. "Langston Hughes and Africa." Of Dream Deferred, Dead or Alive: African Perspectives on African-American Writers. Ed. Femi Ojo-Ade. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1996. (PS153.N5 O3 1996)

Banks, Kimberly. "'Like a Violin for the Wind to Play': Lyrical Approaches to Lynching by Hughes, Du Bois, and Toomer." African American Review, 2004 Fall; 38 (3): 451-65.

Barksdale, Richard K. Langston Hughes, the Poet and His Critics. Chicago: ALA, 1977. (PS3515.U274 Z615)

---. "Comic Relief in Langston Hughes' Poetry." Black American Literature Forum, 1981 Fall; 15 (3): 108-11.

---. "Langston Hughes: His Times and His Humanistic Techniques." Black American Literature and Humanism. Ed. R. Baxter Miller. Lexington: UP of Kentucky; 1981. 11-26

Barnes, Paula C., ed. New Voices of the Harlem Renaissance: Essays on Race, Gender, and Literary Discourse. Madison, NJ: Farleigh Dickinson UP, 2005.

Barrett, Lindon. "The Gaze of Langston Hughes: Subjectivity, Homoeroticism, and the Feminine in The Big Sea." Yale Journal of Criticism: Interpretation in the Humanities, 1999 Fall; 12 (2): 383-97.

Berry, Faith. Langston Hughes, Before and Beyond Harlem. Westport, Conn.: L. Hill, 1983. (PS3515.U274 Z617 1983)

---. Good Morning Revolution: Uncollected Social Protest Writings by Langston Hughes. New York: Lawrence and Hill; 1973.

---. "Did Van Vechten Make or Take Hughes' 'Blues'? " Black World, 1976; 25 (4): 22-28.

Bienvenu, Germain J. "Intracaste Prejudice in Langston Hughes's Mulatto." African American Review, 1992 Summer; 26 (2): 341-53.

Blake, Susan L.. "Old John in Harlem: The Urban Folktales of Langston Hughes." Black American Literature Forum, 1980 Fall; 14 (3): 100-04.

Bloom, Harold. Langston Hughes: Comprehensive Research and Study Guide. Broomhall, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 1998. (available on NetLibrary)

Bloom, Harold, ed. Langston Hughes. NY: Chelsea House, 1989. (PS3515.U274 Z668 1989)

Bogumil, Mary L. "Pretext, Context, Subtext: Textual Power in the Writing of Langston Hughes, Richard Wright, and Martin Luther King, Jr." College English, 1990 Nov; 52 (7): 800-11.

Bonner, Patricia. "Hughes's 'Beale Street Love'." Explicator, 1999 Winter; 57 (2): 108-10.

---. "Cryin' the Jazzy Blues and Livin' Blue Jazz: Analyzing the Blues and Jazz Poetry of Langston Hughes." West Georgia College Review, 1990 May; 20: 15-28.

Borden, Anne. "Heroic 'Hussies' and 'Brilliant Queers': Genderracial Resistance in the Works of Langston Hughes." African American Review, 1994 Fall; 28 (3): 333-45.

Borshuk, Michael. Swinging the Vernacular: Jazz and African American Modernist Literature. NY:Routledge, 2006. (PS153 .N5 B636 2006)

Brooker, Peter. "Modernism Deferred: Langston Hughes, Harlem and Jazz Montage." Locations of Literary Modernism: Region and Nation in British and American Modernist Poetry. Ed. Alex Davis and Lee Jenkins. Cambrige: Cambridge UP, 2000. (PR605.M63 L63 2000)

Brown, Lloyd W. "The American Dream and the Legacy of Revolution in the Poetry of Langston Hughes." Studies in Black Literature, 1976; 7 (2): 16-18.

---. "The Portrait of the Artist as a Black American in the Poetry of Langston Hughes. " Studies in Black Literature, 1974; 5 (1): 24-27.

Burkhardt, Barbara. "The Blues in Langston Hughes's Not without Laughter." Midamerica: The Yearbook of the Society for the Study of Midwestern Literature, 1996; 23: 114-23.

Cape American Studies Association. Juxtapositions: The Harlem Renaissance and the Lost Generation: Proceedings of the Second International Conference of the Cape American Studies Association Held at the University of Cape Town. Cape Town, South Africa: University of Cape Town 2000. (PS153.N5 C365 2000)

Carey, Julian C. "Jesse B. Semple Revisited and Revised." Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture, 1971; 32 (2): 158-63.

Chinitz, David. "Rejuvenation through Joy: Langston Hughes, Primitivism, and Jazz." American Literary History, 1997 Spring; 9 (1): 60-78.

---. "Literacy and Authenticity: The Blues Poems of Langston Hughes." Callaloo, 1996 Winter; 19 (1): 177-92.

Cobb, Martha K. "Concepts of Blackness in the Poetry of Nicolas Guillen, Jacques Roumain and Langston Hughes." College Language Association Journal, 1974; 18: 262-72.

Cohen, Rachel. A Chance Meeting: Intertwined Lives of American Writers and Artists. NY: Random House, 2004. (PS129 .C56 2004)
  • Includes chapters on Hughes/Hurston and Hughes/Carl Van Vechten/Richard Avedon.

Culp, Mary Beth. "Religion in the Poetry of Langston Hughes." Phylon: A Review of Race and Culture, 1987 Fall; 48 (3): 240-245.

Dace, Tish, ed. Langston Hughes: The Contemporary Reviews. NY: Cambridge UP, 1997. (not at Baylor)

---. "On Langston Hughes: Pioneering Poet." The American Poetry Review, 1995 Nov-Dec; 24 (6): 35-38.

Dandridge, Rita B. "The Black Woman as a Freedom Fighter in Langston Hughes' Simple's Uncle Sam." College Language Association Journal, 1974; 18: 273-83.

Davidas, Lionel. "'I, Too, Sing America': Jazz and Blues Techniques and Effects in Some of Langston Hughes's Selected Poems." Dialectical Anthropology, 2001; 26 (3-4): 267-72.

Davis, Arthur P. "The Tragic Mulatto Theme in Six Works of Langston Hughes." Interracialism: Black-White Intermarriage in American History, Literature, and Law. Ed. Werner Sollors. (HQ1031 .I8 2000)

---. "Langston Hughes: Cool Poet." College Language Association Journal, 1968; 11 (4): 280-296.

---. "Jesse B. Semple: Negro American." Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture, 1954; 25: 21-28.

---. "The Harlem of Langston Hughes' Poetry." Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture, 1952; 13: 276-283.

Dawahare, Anthony. "Langston Hughes's Radical Poetry and the 'End of Race'." MELUS, 1998 Fall; 23 (3): 21-41.

De Santis, Christopher C., ed. Langston Hughes: A Documentary Volume. Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol. 315. Detroit: Thompson Gale, 2005. (Jones - PS21 .D46x v.315)

---. Langston Hughes and the Chicago Defender: Essays on Race, Politics, and Culture, 1942-62. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995. (PS3515.U274 A6 1995)

Dickinson, Donald C. A Bio-Bibliography of Langston Hughes, 1902-1967. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1967. (PS3515.U274 Z62)

Dodat, Francois, ed. Langston Hughes. Paris: Seghers; 1964.

Emanuel, James A. Langston Hughes. NY: Twayne Publishers, 1967. (PS3515.U274 Z6)

---. "The Literary Experiments of Langston Hughes." College Language Association Journal, 1968; 11 (4): 335-344.

---. "Langston Hughes' First Short Story: 'Mary Winosky'." Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture, 1961; 22: 267-272.

Evans, Nicholas M. "Langston Hughes as Bop Ethnographer in 'Trumpet Player: 52nd Street'." Library Chronicle of the University of Texas, 1994; 24 (1-2): 118-35.

Fabre, Geneviève and Klaus Benesch, eds. African Diasporas in the New and Old Worlds: Consciousness and Imagination. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2004.

Fabre, Geneviève and Michel Feith, eds. Temples for Tomorrow: Looking Back at the Harlem Renaissance. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP; 2001.

Farrell, Walter C., Jr. "Poetic Interpretations of Urban Black Folk Culture: Langston Hughes and the 'Bebop' Era." MELUS, 1981 Fall; 8 (3): 57-72.

Ferrell, Tracy J. Prince. "Theme for English B' and the Dreams of Langston Hughes." English Review, 1995 Sept; 6 (1): 36-37.

Farrison, W. Edward. "Langston Hughes: Poet of the Negro Renaissance." College Language Association Journal, 1972; 15: 401-10.

Ford, Karen Jackson. "Making Poetry Pay: The Commodification of Langston Hughes." Marketing Modernisms: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Re-reading. Ed. Kevn J.H. Dettmar and Stephen Watt. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996. (PS228.M63 M375 1996)

---. "Do Right to Write Right: Langston Hughes's Aesthetics of Simplicity." Twentieth Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal, 1992 Winter; 38 (4): 436-56.

Franke, Thomas L. "The Art of Verbal Performance: A Stylistic Analysis of Langston Hughes's 'Feet Live Their Own Life'." Language and Style: An International Journal, 1986 Fall; 19 (4): 377-387.

Gabbin, Joanne V., ed. The Furious Flowering of African American Poetry. Charlottesville, VA: UP of Virginia; 1999.

Garber, Earlene D. "Form as a Complement to Content in Three of Langston Hughes' Poems." Negro American Literature Forum, 1971 Winter; 5 (4): 137-39.

Gates, Henry Louis and K.A. Appiah, eds. Langston Hughes: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. NY: Amistad, 1994. (PS3515.U274 Z672 1993)

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. "The Hungry Icon: Langston Hughes Rides a Blue Note." Village Voice Littery Supplement, 1989 July; 76: 8-13.

Giaimo, Paul. "Ethnic Outsiders: The Hyper-Ethnicized Narrator in Langston Hughes and Fred L. Gardaphé." MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States, 2003 Fall; 28 (3): 133-47.

Gibson, Donald B. Modern Black Poets: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1973.

Gnomes, Emmanuel. "The Crackerbox Tradition and the Race Problem in Lowell's The Biglow Papers and Hughes's Sketches of Simple." College Language Association Journal, 1984 Mar.; 27 (3): 254-269.

Gruesser, John Cullen. Black on Black: Twentieth-Century African-American Writing About Africa. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2000. (PS159.A35 G78 2000)

Hansell, William H. "Black Music in the Poetry of Langston Hughes: Roots, Race, Release." Obsidian: Black Literature in Review, 1978; 4 (3): 16-38.

Hansen, Tom. "Hughes's 'Harlem' ." Explicator, 2000 Winter; 58 (2): 106-07.

Haskins, James S. Always Movin' On: The Life of Langston Hughes. New York: Watts; 1976.

Hathaway, Heather. "'Maybe Freedom Lies in Hating': Miscegenation and the Oedipal Conflict." Refiguring the Father: New Feminist Readings of Patriarchy. Ed. Patricia Yaeger and Beth Kowaleski-Wallace. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP; 1989. 153-67

Hokanson, Robert O'Brien. "Jazzing It Up: The Be-Bop Modernism of Langston Hughes." Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature, 1998 Dec; 31 (4): 61-82.

Hudson, Theodore R. "Technical Aspects of the Poetry of Langston Hughes." Black World, 1973; 22 (11): 24-45.

---. "Langston Hughes' Last Volume of Verse." College Language Association Journal, 1968; 11 (4): 345-348.

Hutchinson, George B. "Langston Hughes and the 'Other' Whitman." The Continuing Presence of Walt Whitman. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1992. (PS3238 .C59 1992)

Jackson, Richard. "The Shared Vision of Langston Hughes and Black Hispanic Writers." Black American Literature Forum, 1981 Fall; 15 (3): 89-92.

Jarraway, David R. Going the Distance: Dissident Subjectivity in Modernist American Literature. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2003. (PS228.M63 J37 2003)
  • Chapter on "'Montage of an Otherness Deferred': Dreaming Subjectivity in Langston Hughes."

---. "Montage of an Otherness Deferred: Dreaming Subjectivity in Langston Hughes ." American Literature: A Journal of Literary History, Criticism, and Bibliography, 1996 Dec; 68 (4): 819-47.

Jemie, Onwuchekwa. Langston Hughes: An Introduction to the Poetry. NY: Columbia UP, 1976. (PS3515.U274 Z664)

Joans, Ted. "A Memoir: The Langston Hughes I Knew." Black World, 1972; 21 (11): 14-18.

Johnson, Lemuel A. The Devil, the Gargoyle, and the Buffoon: The Negro as Metaphor in Western Literature. Port Washington, N.Y.: Nat. U. Pubs., Kennikat; 1971.

Chapter on Hughes.

Johnson, Patricia A. "The Jazz Poetry of Langston Hughes: A Reflection." Minority Voices: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Literature and the Arts, 1980 Spring; 4 (1): 11-21.

---. "How Langston Hughes Used the Blues." MELUS, 1979 Spring; 6 (1): 55-63.

Jones, Kirkland. "Hughes's View of the Common Man in Little Ham." Lamar Journal of the Humanities, 1984 Spring; 10 (1): 53-57.

Jones, Meta DuEwa. "Listening to What the Ear Demands: Langston Hughes and His Critics." Callaloo: A Journal of African-American and African Arts and Letters, 2002 Fall; 25 (4): 1145-75.

Kesteloot, Lilyan. "Negritude and Its American Sources." Boston University Journal, 1974; 22 (2): 54-67.

Klotman, Phillis R. "Langston Hughes's Jess B. Semple and the Blues." Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture, 1975; 36 (1): 68-77.

---. Jesse B. Semple and the Narrative Art of Langston Hughes. " Journal of Narrative Technique, 1973; 3: 66-75.

Kolin, Philip C. "Hughes's Soul Gone Home." Explicator, 2003 Spring; 61 (3): 164-66.

Komunyakaa, Yusef. "Langston Hughes Poetry The Blues." Callaloo: A Journal of African-American and African Arts and Letters, 2002 Fall; 25 (4): 1140-43.

Kramer, Aaron. "Robert Burns and Langston Hughes." Freedomways, 1968; 8 (2): 159-166.

Kramer, Victor A., ed. The Harlem Renaissance Re-Examined. New York: AMS; 1987.

Lederman, Marie Jean. "Hip Language and Urban College English." College Composition and Communication, 1969 Oct; 20 (3): 204-14.

Lee, A. Robert. "Harlem on My Mind: Fictions of a Black Metropolis." The American City: Literary and Cultural Perspectives. Ed. Graham Clarke. New York: St. Martin's; 1988. 62-85

Lee, Brian. "'Who's Passing for Who?' in the Fiction of Langston Hughes ." Black Fiction: New Studies in the Afro-American Novel since 1945. Ed. A. Robert Lee. New York: Barnes & Noble; 1980. 29-40

Lewis, Randolph. "Langston Hughes and Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1925-1935." Library Chronicle of the University of Texas, 1992; 22 (4): 52-63.

Lowe, John. "Newsprint Masks: The Comic Columns of Finlay Peter Dunne, Alexander Posey, and Langston Hughes." Beyond the Binary: Reconstructing Cultural Identity in a Multicultural Context. Ed. Timothy B. Powell. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers UP, 1999. (HM131 .B475 1999)

Lowney, John. "Langston Hughes and the 'Nonsense' of Bebop." American Literature: A Journal of Literary History, Criticism, and Bibliography, 2000 June; 72 (2): 357-85.

Martin, Dellite L. "The 'Madam Poems' as Dramatic Monologue." Black American Literature Forum, 1981 Fall; 15 (3): 97-99.

Martin, Dellita L. "Langston Hughes's Use of the Blues." College Language Association Journal, 1978; 22: 151-59.

Marx, Lesley and Loes Nas, eds. Juxtapositions: The Harlem Renaissance and the Lost Generation. Cape Town, South Africa: University of Cape Town; 2000.

Matheus, John F. "Langston Hughes as Translator." College Language Association Journal, 1968; 11 (4): 319-330.

Mayberry, Susan Neal. "Out of the Mouths of Babes: Children and Narrative Voice in Hughes' The Ways of White Folks." Griot: Official Journal of the Southern Conference on Afro-American Studies, Inc., 1995 Fall; 14 (2): 48-58.

McLaren, Joseph. Langston Hughes, Folk Dramatist in the Protest Tradition, 1921-1943. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997. (PS3515.U274 Z678 1997)

Mikolyzk, Thomas A. Langston Hughes: A Bio-Bibliography. NY: Greenwood Press, 1990. (Z8423.3 .M53 1990)

Miller, R. Baxter. The Art and Imagination of Langston Hughes. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1989. (PS3515.U274 Z684 1989)

---. Langston Hughes and Gwendolyn Brooks: A Reference Guide. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1978. (Z8423.3 .M54)

---. "Reinvention and Globalization in Hughes's Stories." MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States, 2005 Spring; 30 (1): 83.

---. "Café de la paix: Mapping the Harlem Renaissance." South Atlantic Review, 2000 Spring; 65 (2): 73-94.

---. "Framing and Framed Languages in Hughes's Ask Your Mama: 12 Moods for Jazz." MELUS, 1991-1992 Winter; 17 (4): 3-13.

---. "[Langston Hughes and the 1980s-Rehumanization of Theory]." Black American Literature Forum, 1981 Fall; 15 (3): 83-119.

---. "'Even after I Was Dead': The Big Sea-Paradox, Preservation, and Holistic Time." Black American Literature Forum, 1977 Summer; 11 (2): 39-45.

---. "'A Mere Poem': 'Daybreak in Alabama,' a Resolution to Langston Hughes's Theme of Music and Art." Obsidian: Black Literature in Review, 1976; 2 (2): 30-37.

---. "'Done Made Us Leave Our Home': Langston Hughes's Not without Laughter - Unifying Image and Three Dimensions." Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture, 1976; 37 (4): 362-69.

---. "'No Crystal Stair': Unity, Archetype and Symbol in Langston Hughes's Poems on Women ." Negro American Literature Forum, 1975 Winter; 9 (4): 109-14.

Moglen, Seth. "Modernism in the Black Diaspora: Langston Hughes and the Broken Cubes of Picasso." Callaloo: A Journal of African-American and African Arts and Letters, 2002 Fall; 25 (4): 1189-205.

Monteiro, George. "Langston Hughes' 'Trumpet Player' and the Contraries of Art." Notes on Contemporary Literature, 2000 Nov; 30 (5): 4-5.

Mullen, Edward J. Langston Hughes in the Hispanic World and Haiti. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1977. (PS3515.U2746 A6 1977)

---. "Langston Hughes in Mexico and Cuba." Review: Latin American Literature and Arts, 1993 Fall; 47: 23-27.

---. "The Literary Reputation of Langston Hughes in the Hispanic World." Comparative Literature Studies, 1976; 13: 254-69.

Mullen, Edward J., ed. Critical Essays on Langston Hughes. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, 1986. (PS3515.U274 Z618 1986)

Nelson, Richard. Aesthetic Frontiers: The Machiavellian Tradition and the Southern Imagination. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1990. (PS261 .N4 1990)
  • Chapter on "Ironic Inversions: Pastoralism in C. Vann Woodward and Langston Hughes."

Nifong, David Michael. "Narrative Technique and Theory in The Ways of White Folks." Black American Literature Forum, 1981 Fall; 15 (3): 93-96.

O'Daniel, Therman B. Langston Hughes: Black Genius, a Critical Evaluation. NY: Morrow, 1971.

Ogunyemi, C. O. "In Praise of Things Black: Langston Hughes and Okot p'Bitek." Contemporary Poetry: A Journal of Criticism, 1981; 4 (1): 19-39.

Ostrom, Hans. A Langston Hughes Encyclopedia. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002. (PS3515.U274 Z459 2002)

---. Langston Hughes: A Study of the Short Fiction. NY: Twayne, 1993. (PS3515.U274 Z689 1993)

Parker, John W. "'Tomorrow' in the Writings of Langston Hughes." College English, 1949 May; 10 (8): 438-41.

Patterson, Anita. "Jazz, Realism, and the Modernist Lyric: The Poetry of Langston Hughes." Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History, 2000 Dec; 61 (4): 651-82.

Peters, Erskine. "Rhythmic Manipulation and Instrument Simulation in Montage of a Dream Deferred ." Literary Griot: International Journal of Black Expressive Cultural Studies, 1993 Spring; 5 (1): 33-49.

Ponce, Martin Joseph. "Langston Hughes's Queer Blues." Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History, 2005 Dec; 66 (4): 505-37.

Presley, James. "Langston Hughes, War Correspondent." Journal of Modern Literature, 1976 Sept; 5 (3): 481-91.

---. "The Birth of Jesse B. Semple." Southwest Review, 1973; 58: 219-25.

---. "Langston Hughes: A Personal Farewell. Southwest Review, 1969; 54: 79-84.

---. "The American Dream of Langston Hughes." Southwest Review, 1963; 48: 380-386.

Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes. NY: Oxford UP, 2002. (PS3515.U274 Z698 2002 two volumes)

---. "Future Scholarly Projects on Langston Hughes ." Black American Literature Forum, 1987 Fall; 21 (3): 305-16.

---. "Langston Hughes's Fine Clothes to the Jew." Callaloo: A Journal of African American and African Arts and Letters, 1986 Winter; 9 (1 (26)): 144-58.

---. "The Origins of Poetry in Langston Hughes." The Southern Review, 1985 Summer; 21 (3): 695-705.

Reini-Grandell, Lynette. "Langston Hughes's Invocation of the Blues and Jazz Tradition under the Double-Edged Sword of Primitivism." West Virginia University Philological Papers, 1992; 38: 113-23.

Rive, Richard. "Taos in Harlem: An Interview with Langston Hughes." Contrast: South African Literary Journal, 1967; 14: 33-39.

Rogers, C. D. "Hughes's 'Genius Child'." Explicator, 2000 Fall; 59 (1): 40-41.

Sanders, Leslie Catherine. "'I've Wrestled with Them All My Life': Langston Hughes's Tambourines to Glory." Black American Literature Forum, 1991 Spring; 25 (1): 63-72.

Scanlon, Larry. "News from Heaven: Vernacular Time in Langston Hughes's Ask Your Mama." Callaloo: A Journal of African-American and African Arts and Letters, 2002 Winter; 25 (1): 45-65.

---. "'Death Is a Drum': Rhythm, Modernity, and the Negro Poet Laureate." Music and the Racial Imagination. Ed. Ronald Radano and Philip V. Bohlman. Chicago, IL: U of Chicago P; 2000. 510-53.

Scharnhorst, Gary F. "Hughes' 'Theme for English B'." Explicator, 1973; 32: Item 27.

Schatt, Stanley. "Langston Hughes: The Minstrel as Artificer." Journal of Modern Literature, 1974; 4: 115-20.

Schultz, Elizabeth. "Natural and Unnatural Circumstances in Langston Hughes' Not without Laughter." Callaloo: A Journal of African-American and African Arts and Letters, 2002 Fall; 25 (4): 1177-87.

Shields, John P. "'Never Cross the Divide': Reconstructing Langston Hughes's Not without Laughter." African American Review, 1994 Winter; 28 (4): 601-13.

Shin, Chi-Yun. "Reclaiming the Corporeal: The Black Male Body and the 'Racial' Mountain in Looking for Langston." Paragraph: A Journal of Modern Critical Theory, 2003 Mar-July; 26 (1-2): 201-12.

Shoptaw, John. "Lyric Incorporated: The Serial Object of George Oppen and Langston Hughes." Sagetrieb: A Journal Devoted to Poets in the Imagist/Objectivist Tradition, 1993 Winter; 12 (3): 105-24

Shulman, Robert. The Power of Political Art: The 1930s Literary Left Reconsidered. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 2000. (PS228.C6 S58 2000)

Simawe, Saadi A., ed. Black Orpheus: Music in African American Fiction from the Harlem Renaissance to Toni Morrison. New York, NY: Garland; 2000

Singh, Amritjit, William S. Shiver, and Stanley Brodwin, eds. The Harlem Renaissance: Revaluations. New York: Garland; 1989.

Soto, Isabel. "Boundaries Transgressed: Modernism and Miscegenation in Langston Hughes's 'Red-Headed Baby'." Atlantic Studies: Literary, Cultural, and Historical Perspectives, 2006 Apr; 3 (1): 97-110.

Smethurst, James. "'Don't Say Goodbye to the Porkpie Hat': Langston Hughes, the Left, and the Black Arts Movement." Callaloo: A Journal of African-American and African Arts and Letters, 2002 Fall; 25 (4): 1225-36.

Smith, Raymond. "Langston Hughes: Evolution of the Poetic Persona." Studies in the Literary Imagination, 1974; 7 (2): 49-64.

Smith, Valerie, ed. African American Writers. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2001. (Jones - PS153.N5 A344 2001 two volumes)

Story, Ralph D. "Patronage and the Harlem Renaissance: You Get What You Pay For." College Language Association Journal, 1989 Mar.; 32 (3): 284-295.

Templeton, Judy D. Langston Hughes: Harlem Renaissance Poet in the Whitman Tradition. Thesis 1979. (PN35.B38 1979 T46)

Thurston, Michael. Making Something Happen: American Political Poetry Between the World Wars. PS310.P6 T48 2001) (available on NetLibrary)

Tracy, Steven C., ed. A Historical Guide to Langston Hughes. NY:Oxford UP, 2004. (PS3515.U274 Z663 2004)

Tracy, Steven C. Langston Hughes and the Blues. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988. (PS3515.U274 Z8 1988)

---. "'Midnight ruffles of cat-gut lace': The Boogie Poems of Langston Hughes ." College Language Association Journal, 1988 Sept.; 32 (1): 55-68.

---. "To the Tune of Those Weary Blues: The Influence of the Blues Tradition in Langston Hughes's Blues Poem s." MELUS, 1981 Fall; 8 (3): 73-98.

Trotman, C. James, ed. Langston Hughes: The Man, His Art, and His Continuing Influence. NY: Garland Publishing, 1995. (PS3515.U274 Z6733 1995)

Tucker, Cynthia G. "The Teacher's Problems of Obscenity and Race: Killing Two Birds with One Stone." Interpretations: Studies in Language and Literature, 1972; 4: 40-51.

Turner, Darwin T. "Langston Hughes as Playwright." College Language Association Journal, 1968; 11 (4): 297-309.

Wagner, Jean. Black Poets of the United States; from Paul Laurence Dunbar to Langston Hughes. Trans. Kenneth Douglas. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1973. (PS153.N5 W313)

Waldron, Edward E. "The Blues Poetry of Langston Hughes." Negro American Literature Forum, 1971 Winter; 5 (4): 140-49.

Walker, Alice. "Turning into Love: Some Thoughts on Surviving and Meeting Langston Hughes." Callaloo: A Journal of African American and African Arts and Letters, 1989 Fall; 12 (4 (41)): 663-66.

Walker, Carolyn P. "Liberating Christ: Sargeant's Metamorphosis in Langston Hughes's 'On the Road'." Black American Literature Forum, 1991 Winter; 25 (4): 745-52.

Walkowitz, Rebecca L. "Shakespeare in Harlem: The Norton Anthology, 'Propaganda,' Langston Hughes." Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History, 1999 Dec; 60 (4): 495-519.

Werner, Craig. "Blues for T. S. Eliot and Langston Hughes: The Afro-Modernist Aesthetic of Harlem Gallery." Black American Literature Forum, 1990 Fall; 24 (3): 453-72.

Westover, Jeffrey W. The Colonial Moment: Discoveries and Settlements in Modern American Poetry. DeKalb: Northern Illinois UP, 2004. (PS310.C62 W47 2004)
  • Chapter on "Fragmentation and Diaspora in the Work of Langston Hughes."

---. "Africa/America: Fragmentation and Diaspora in the Work of Langston Hughes ." Callaloo: A Journal of African-American and African Arts and Letters, 2002 Fall; 25 (4): 1207-23.

Williams, Roland L., Jr. "Respecting the Folk." Journal of Modern Literature, 2001 Summer; 24 (3-4): 532-34.

Wintz, Cary D. "Langston Hughes: A Kansas Poet in the Harlem Renaissance." Kansas Quarterly, 1975; 7 (3): 58-71.